Dhanbad Explored: Inside the Coal Capital of India's Rich History and Attractions

Recognised as the coal capital of India, Dhanbad is not only home to the largest coal mines in the nation but is also emerging as an IT hub, with numerous IT companies setting roots here. Beyond its industrial significance, Dhanbad is also renowned for its array of tourist attractions, drawing numerous visitors each year. In this guide, we delve into why Dhanbad is termed the coal capital of India, the optimal time to visit and the best places to explore, offering a comprehensive overview of this dynamic city.

The Coal Legacy of Dhanbad

As the second-largest producer and consumer of coal globally, India's coal capital, Dhanbad, plays a pivotal role in the industry. The coal mines in Dhanbad, which predate Indian independence, were initially under British control. This monopoly was disrupted by Gujarati railway contractors from Kutch, who were instrumental in initiating coal mining in the Jharia coalfields. Jharia, now a part of Dhanbad, is among the country's top coal-producing regions. Dhanbad is encircled by 112 coal mines, collectively producing 27.5 million metric tonnes of coal, thereby affirming its status as the coal capital of India.

Two trucks in a coal mine
Two Trains parallel to each other in winter season

The Perfect Time for a Visit

The ideal time to visit Dhanbad is during the winter months, from October to February. During this period, the city experiences cooler weather, making it perfect for exploration and sightseeing. The festive season, especially Diwali, brings a vibrant and spiritual atmosphere to the city. Conveniently, Dhanbad is accessible by various modes of transport, including its own airport, railway and well-connected roadways.

Exploring Dhanbad's Attractions

  • Indian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines): As we already know, Dhanbad is famous for coal. Then what else is a better place to visit than the School of Mines? The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Dhanbad, also known as the Indian School of Mines, initially focused on mining education. In the later years, it has evolved to offer a wide range of courses. Whether you're a prospective student or just a tourist, the campus is a great place to visit, with its lush greenery and vibrant academic atmosphere.
  • Maithon Dam and Panchet Dam: Dhanbad is also home to two scenic dams. Maithon Dam is renowned for its stunning sunsets and offers delightful boating experiences on the adjacent Barakar River. Panchet Dam is another popular destination for tourists, known for its scenic pathway leading to the dam and the spectacular sunrises and sunsets it offers.
  • Shakti Mandir: For those with a spiritual inclination, Shakti Mandir is a must-visit in Dhanbad. The temple is revered for housing the Akhand Jyoti, or eternal flame, brought from Vaishno Devi. It attracts many pilgrims seeking blessings from the goddess, with a widespread belief among women that the deity enhances their husbands' longevity.

Godess Durga on her throne

We've reached the conclusion of our journey through the coal capital of India. As you consider a trip to Dhanbad, let us present Wedlock Greens Hotel & Resorts, ideally located near the serene Parasnath Hills. Spanning 11 lush acres, our resort boasts 72 elegantly furnished rooms and 7 luxurious villas, catering to all your accommodation preferences. Indulge in a variety of delectable dining options available at the hotel, enhancing your Dhanbad experience. Choose Wedlock Greens Resort for an elevated stay in this historic city.